Trauma

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Emergency Medicine: The Management of Trauma

Almost everyone will visit the emergency department (ED) at some point in their lives, a fact that resulted in a staggering 14.7 million attendances to EDs across England last year. In addition to the sheer volume of cases, the ED is undoubtedly the most varied department in the hospital, with patients presenting anything from minor cuts and grazes to life threatening medical conditions and injuries.

Although trauma encompasses any injury to the body, major trauma refers to life-threatening injuries. In the United Kingdom road traffic collisions (RTCs) are responsible for the majority of major trauma cases. Elsewhere in the world injuries due to a range of weapons, mainly knives and guns, are much more common. As such, trauma presents unique problems in the emergency department and requires multiple specialists to work together.

WARNING: THIS RESOURCE CONTAINS GRAPHIC MEDICAL IMAGES THAT YOU MAY FIND DISTURBING.