Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It studies language at various levels such as:
1) phonetics: study of sounds
2) phonology: study of interaction of sounds with each other
3) morphology: study of word structure
4) syntax: study of sentence structure
5) semantics: study of sentence meaning
However, these are very rudimentary definitions of only some subdisciplines of linguistics, and you will understand them better as you read more about linguistics and its subdisciplines. This module contains three exercises, one each on phonetics, morphology, and syntax respectively.
What are the objectives and outcomes of this module?
1) To familiarize students with three important subdisciplines of linguistics. The modules on phonetics and morphology will help students prepare themselves to independently learn about introductory phonology, and the syntax exercise lays the foundation for the primary study of semantics.
2) To buttress their skills of logical reasoning and critical analysis in the arena of linguistics. The activity on phonetics instructs students to organize sounds as per their phonetic characteristics by means of practical application and with the help of hints. The second activity requires the students to have some basic knowledge of grammatical categories and initiates them into the world of suffix addition and, to some extent, more complex morphological processes as well. The third activity teaches students the basics of syntactic categories and then instructs them to analyse and construct phrase structures.
3) To help students administer self-evaluation tests. The exercises comprise of easy, intermediate, and challenging examples which the students must solve, which will help them grasp the concepts taught better. The answer key helps students verify their solutions and see where they went wrong, so that with more reading and practice, they can improve their conceptual knowledge of these areas of linguistics.
4) To arouse interest among pupils in the discipline. The main goal of this module is to get students involved in solving linguistic problems, which is expected to encourage them to get engrossed in more reading about the discipline. This will not only stimulate their enthusiasm to learn more, but the reading recommendations, along with the exercises, will give the students a decent enough picture of how fascinating linguistics can be, and will also impel them to ponder if they should take up linguistics as a subject at undergraduate level.